The number of cars per 1,000 people in China is very different from the level of 400-500 private cars per 1,000 people in western developed countries. It is also much lower than that of less developed countries in Russia, Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia and South America. It is only comparable to India’s equivalent level. Some people have predicted that if China’s per capita car ownership reaches the world average, the world’s oil exports will not be able to meet China’s requirements; if China’s car development reaches the level of the United States, the world’s oil production will not be enough for China. use.
At the same time, the excessive development of automobiles will also reduce the arable land in China. Automobile consumption requires a series of external supporting conditions (such as roads, parking lots, etc.) to achieve. Relevant experts calculate that if China’s car ownership in the future reaches the level of one for every two people in Japan, the national car ownership will increase from the current 150 million to more than 650 million. It is assumed that the average land area consumed by each car in China is As in Europe and Japan, it is 0.02ha, and more than 650 million vehicles will consume 13 million hectares (195 million mu), which is more than 1/2 of China’s existing 23 million hectares (345 million mu) of paddy fields.
Traffic and communication have driven human beings to create the urban civilization of the past. If there is still hope for the city in the 21st century, it will open up a new world of traffic and communication, and it will create a brand-new city, not a traffic flow and crowded one. Terrible city.
As for mineral resources that are stretched thin, the general characteristics of China’s mineral resources are low per capita possession and unreasonable structure; distribution does not match economic regions; in some pillar minerals with large consumption, there are many lean ores and refractory beneficiation, which is difficult to develop and utilize. big. At present, it is quite serious that two-thirds of China’s state-owned backbone mines have entered the middle and late stages of mining, and more than 400 mines are on the verge of closing due to the gradual exhaustion of resources.
The dependence of China’s major mineral products on the international market will continue to increase. Energy is of special significance to my country’s construction and development. Compared with development needs and the world’s level, my country is only a country with small resources. The per capita recoverable reserves of major energy sources are far below the world average. Oil and natural gas are only 11.1% respectively. 4.3%, and only 55.4% of coal is slightly more. The shortage of energy has become the main factor restricting my country’s economic and social development.
According to the research conducted by the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, the Chinese Academy of Engineering and other departments, the basic consumption of oil in my country in 2010 was 270 million to 400 million tons. The gap is 70 million to 180 million tons, and the dependence on overseas crude oil will exceed 30%. Some research institutions predict that my country’s dependence on foreign oil will reach 60% in 2020.